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Catalog Number 226
Object Name Jar
Description traditional form; exterior slipped white and burnished except for base and a portion of the interior which is slipped red and unburnished; design in black and a pigment varying from deep red to dark brown; design comprised of stylized birds and cross-hatched geometric elements; the entire jar has been waxed; purchased at the Gallup Ceremonial around 1930

Olla (water jar)
-The art of pottery making was and is regarded as an integral and even sacred part of daily life.
-Traditionally, pottery has been viewed as possessing intrinsic power and the ability to take on the attributes of the substance it holds. Water, a sacred element, transfers its power to the pottery vessel that holds it.
-Each pueblo pot carries with it a part of the potter's spirit. Identity.
-The traditional olla was designed to meet the needs of women carrying water to their homes, jars had to be easy to lift and had to balance firmly on the head of the bearer. Potters formed necks with slight incurving depressions that fit the hand perfectly to allow easy handling when empty, and narrow mouths that inhibited both evaporation and spillage.
-Wanda Aragon, Acoma potter: "You're always talking to the pot when you are making it - telling it your feelings - and when you finish a pot, you blow life into it and it is given life."
(*See Melanie Irvine's M.A. paper: "Powerful Objects: A Study of Multiple Meanings in the collection of DUMA" for more information)
Date c. 1925
Culture Acoma Pueblo
Place of Origin USA; NM; Cibola; Pueblo of Acoma
Dimensions H-28.5 D-0.5 Dia-37 cm